Urinary Incontinence

Urinary Incontinence


Urinary incontinence is the involuntary or unintentional passing of urine. It is a common problem that affects millions of people worldwide.

Urinary incontinence affects both men and women, but it tends to be more common in women overall due to pregnancy and childbirth.

Signs and symptoms

The symptoms of urinary incontinence depend on the type you have.

There are several types of urinary incontinence, but the most common are:

stress incontinence – when urine leaks out at times when your bladder is under pressure, for example when you cough or laugh

urge incontinence – when urine leaks as you feel a sudden, intense urge to pass urine, or soon afterwards

It is also possible to have a mixture of both stress and urge urinary incontinence.

Read more about the symptoms of urinary incontinence.

What causes urinary incontinence?

The causes of urinary incontinence depend on the type.

Stress incontinence is usually the result of the weakening or damaging of the muscles used to prevent urination, such as the pelvic floor muscles and the urethral sphincter.

Urge incontinence is usually the result of overactivity of the detrusor muscles, which control the bladder.

Certain things can increase the chances of urinary incontinence developing, including:

  • Pregnancy and vaginal birth
  • Obesity
  • A family history of incontinence
  • DiabetesMellitus
  • Increasing age – although incontinence is not an inevitable part of ageing

Seeking medical advice

Although you may feel embarrassed talking to someone about your symptoms, it's a good idea to see a urologist if you have any type of urinary incontinence as this can be the first step towards finding a way to effectively' manage the problem.

Urinary incontinence can usually be diagnosed after a consultation with your doctor, who will ask about your symptoms and may carry out a pelvic examination in women or rectal examination in men.


Initially, your Doctor may suggest some simple measures to see if they help improve your symptoms. These may include:

Lifestyle changes, such as losing weight and cutting down on caffeine and alcohol

Cosmetic Surgery may also be considered. The specific procedures suitable for you will depend on the type of incontinence you have.

Surgical treatments for stress incontinence, such as tape or sling procedures, are used to reduce pressure on the bladder, or strengthen the muscles that control urination.

operations to treat urge incontinence include enlarging the bladder or implanting a device that stimulates the nerve that controls the detrusor muscles.

Preventing urinary incontinence

It is not always possible to prevent urinary incontinence, but there are some steps you can take that may help reduce the chance of it developing, such as:

  • Controlling your weight
  • Avoiding or cutting down on alcohol
  • Keeping fit – in particular, ensuring that your pelvic floor muscles are strong


MORE ABOUT Urinary Incontinence

Urinary Incontinence


Urinary incontinence refers to the involuntary passing of urine. It is a common problem that has affected people all over the world. There are two types of urinary incontinence that patients can have separately, or even both.

Stress incontinence is referred to when urine passes involuntarily when you laugh or cough. The bladder is put in the way of pressure. Damage to the urethral sphincter can cause stress incontinence. Urge incontinence is when you have a sudden urge to urinate, but urine has seeped out at that moment, or afterwards. An overactive detrusor muscle that helps control the bladder is known to cause urge incontinence. There are factors that can increase the risk of developing this condition.
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • History of the condition
  • Pregnancy
  • Aging
Patients who are experiencing symptoms of urinary incontinence are encouraged to visit the best urologist in Dubai. Dr. Shawket Alkhayal is highly experienced and has dealt with hundreds of similar cases successfully. You can come in for a screening and we will take the necessary steps to effectively manage your problem. At first, our patients will be recommended simple steps to relieve the symptoms.
  • Change of lifestyle including reducing the intake of alcohol and caffeine
  • Pelvic floor exercises
Depending on the extent of your condition, patients may be recommended surgery but this is after a thorough examination and testing of all other avenues of treatment.