STI / STD (Sexually Transmitted Infections)

STI / STD

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are also commonly called sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). They are the infections you get from another person through sexual contact. There are more than 20 known types of STDs/STIs. Luckily, most STDs can be treated and cured.

Causes

Unprotected sexual intercourse is the most common way of getting an STD but it can also be transmitted through oral or anal sex practices.

Many organisms are implicated and they can be asymptomatic or they can be causing similar or different symptoms

Symptoms

Men may experience the following symptoms:

  • - Burning or itching in the penis
  • - Discharge from the penis
  • - Pain around the pelvis
  • - Sores, bumps or blisters on penis, anus, or mouth
  • - Burning and pain with urine or with bowel movements
  • - Having to go to the bathroom often

Women may experience the following symptoms:

  • - Burning or itching in the vagina
  • - Discharge or odour from the vagina
  • - Pain around the pelvis
  • - Bleeding from the vagina that is not normal
  • - Pain deep inside during sex
  • - Sores, bumps or blisters in the vagina, anus, or mouth
  • - Burning and pain with urine or with bowel movements
  • - Having to go to the bathroom often due to bladder infection

Diagnosis

We can usually diagnose STIs through clinical examination and laboratory testing. We may take a sample of fluid from the vagina or penis, or a blood test to confirm the problem. Laboratory tests can show what, if any, bacterial or viral STIs are present. A PCR test is the most accurate testing method which we do at our clinic. It is very important to know the exact cause to receive appropriate treatment.

Of the organisms that cause these infections ( Gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, Ureaplasma, Mycoplasma, Treponema Pallidum Syphilis, Gardnerella, Trichomonas Vaginalis, Herpes Simplex Virus, Human Papilloma Virus)
other viruses like Hepatitis B or C or HIV can sit unnoticed until they cause a major problem. These can also be checked through our special PCR early detection method.

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