Prostate cancer is the commonest cancer in men and about 34,000 men in the UK are diagnosed with it every year. It generally affects men over 50, and is rarely found in younger men. Approximately one half of all men in their 50s have some cancer cells within their prostate and 8 out of 10 men (80%) over the age of 80 have a small area of prostate cancer. Most of these grow very slowly and so, particularly in older men never cause any problems. The causes of prostate cancer remain unclear but it is thought that diet and ethnic race may have an influence.
Men with a father or brother with prostate cancer and 50% more likely to develop it themselves. Prostate cancer can be diagnosed in the early stages but in 1 in 10 men (10%), the prostate cancer will be advanced when it is diagnosed. The treatments vary depending on the stage of the cancer and can range from surgery, radiation or Hormonal and chemotherapy.
Diagnosis is usually made through History and Physical examination as well as certain Blood test called PSA (prostate specific antigen). a trans-rectal Ultrasound is usually performed to check the size and look at the prostate in detail. in certain cases an MRI (magnetic Resonance Scan is Required). if Prostate cancer is suspected, then biopsies of the prostate are usually needed and are usually done in the clinic under Local Anaesthetic and with Ultrasonic scanning guidance.